Cattle

Can you help us solve these mysteries?

Part of the real pleasure in mounting our latest exhibition A Land of Flooding Rains has been the crowd-sourcing of information, images and anecdotes about the many floods that have occurred in the Moruya District. This information builds up the collective knowledge of our community and can now be preserved.

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Two of the photographs used in the exhibition A Land Of Flooding Rains

During the exercise we have come across many unidentified images. So that we can clearly record our visual history, I am entering all of these ‘new’ images onto our database, along with contextual information for each image- date of flood, location, buildings, people etc.

If you can provide any information about any of these images please complete the contact form at the end of this post. Please share this post with friends and family who may be able to recognise these people through similar images in family photographic collections.

Bikes

Photograph 1 -The late 70s or early 80s

Photograph 1 – These boys are having a great time exploring Moruya during one of Moruya’s floods – in either the late 70s or early 80s. Does anyone recognise the boys?

Cattle

Photograph 2 – Over the bridge and past the Adelaide to higher ground

Photograph 2 – This wonderful image of cattle being driven over the bridge, down Vulcan street towards higher ground poses more than one question:
1.Who owned the cattle?
2.Who were the drovers?
2. Who owned the Valiant outside the Adelaide Hotel?

1959

Photograph 3 – The aftermath of the 1959 flood.

Photograph 3 – It would be wonderful to identify the people inspecting the aftermath of the 1959 flood. They are standing on the southern side of the temporary bridge.

Lynch or Stubbs

Photograph 4 – Mystery men at a not-so-mystery garage

Photograph 4 – Moruya local Vince Honan was able to provide the following information about the location of the garage – the location had many Facebook investigators baffled.

The garage was on the north side of the river, accross from the Pearly Shells (used to be the Criterion hotel).
When I walked to school, the garage was owned (leased) by Don Rose.
The Princes Highway went around the garage to the east, in a curve onto the bridge.
The new bridge was built west of the old bridge and the Highway then went in a straight line.

Vince Honan

Can anyone identify the men in the photo?

BRIDGE REMAINS_45

Photograph 5 – The 1945 flood -there goes the bridge!

Photograph 5 – In 1945 there were floods throughout the whole area in April. The second bridge had survived the floods of 1922, 1925, 1934, 1941, 1942 and 1944 but this one was too much for it and it was destroyed.
It would be wonderful if we were able to identify the people in the photo above. They are inspecting part of the southern side of the bridge washed up beside where Riverside Park is today.

Looking at Lake Gundary?

Photograph 6 – Looking at Lake Gundary?

Photograph 6 – To the best of our knowledge this house is in the lower section of Campbell Street ( near Flanagan Lane) and the Dalton family was living in it at the time of this flood. Can anyone identify the girl on the verandah?

1962 Flood

Paragraph 7 – Severe flooding in 1962

Photograph 7 – Do any of these men, photographed inspecting the flooding in 1962, are?

At the rotunda

Photograph 8 – At the rotunda

 Photograph 8 – Can anyone identify this man who is carefully inspecting the river level at the rotunda?

Don’t forget that the exhibition will be open at the following times:

Friday 22 May from 11am – 1 pm
Saturday 23 May 23 from 11 am to 4 pm.
Sunday 24 May from 11 am to 4 pm.

Please enter any information about the photographs on the form below. Your email address will not be displayed at any time.

Many thanks in anticipation
Brian Harris, MDHS.

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War News from Leopold de Saxe – in the Moruya Examiner 100 years ago

Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of this time in 1915, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

ILLAWARRA COMPANY – The Illawarra and South Coast S.N. Company has declared a dividend at the rate of 7 ½ per cent. A meeting of the shareholders was held this week at the Company’s offices, Day Street, Darling Harbor, when it was reported that a good season had been experienced in the South Coast districts, and that a continuance of these conditions was expected during the current half year….1/5/1915

Illawarra and South Coast

Illawarra and South Coast SN Company, Batemans Bay c 1913    –    MDHS Photographic Collection

BABIES KIT SOCIETY – Miss Simpson has received the following letter from Miss Edith Raine, Secretary, Babies’ Kit Society, Equitable Buildings, Sydney, in acknowledgment of receipt of parcel of garments made up and donated by the ladies whose names we have already published, and which was packed and forwarded by Mrs. and Misses Simpson through the Red Cross Society: “I have been asked by the committee to write and thank you for the delightful parcel of clothing you have sent us. We are most grateful for all the time and work you have put into the little garments, and they have just come at the right moment, as we are now starting to pack for our next shipment.” 1/5/1915

Andrew Fisher was Prime Minister three times, in 1908–09, 1910–13 and 1914–15.

Andrew Fisher was Prime Minister three times, in 1908–09, 1910–13 and 1914–15.

TELEGRAPHIC NEWS (From our Sydney Correspondent.) Sydney, Thursday. Fisher announced that the Australians were in action at the Gallipoli Peninsula. The action is proceeding satisfactorily. The Government had no clear information as to which forces were at the Dardanelles; but it is understood to be the Third Brigade. They made some Turkish prisoners, and lost a few men to the Turks.
Sydney, Friday. From to-morrow wives of Australian troops at the war will receive increased separation allowance of ten shillings a week and an additional two and sixpence for each child. 1/5/1915

FROM EGYPT – Mr. and Mrs. C. DeSaxe are in receipt of letters dated 20th Feb., and 7 14 and 21st of March from their eldest son, Leo, who is with the Expeditionary forces in Egypt, following being a few excerpts from them: –

Leo de Saxe is second from the right

Leo de Saxe is second from the right

No doubt you are wondering why you have missed getting the last two mails, but the truth is we have been having brigade training, out for days at a time on bivouac. It was very strenuous, up all night or sleeping in trenches without blankets. It was just a trifle too realistic for most of us, but it showed us what we are in for…

I think the Turks have had enough of the invasion of Egypt, they never had a chance, poor devils. I saw some prisoners, and a more starved badly-equipped, and sad looking lot you never saw. They have been literally murdered for German ambition, and when the day of reckoning comes she will have to pay dearly. When one thinks of the harmless women and children killed by their raid on England and atrocities in Belgium one is apt to lose all his reason, and when we meet them treat them as they are treating us. We are having a few days rest in camp which we have thoroughly earned….

This may be the last letter you shall receive from me for some time, as I think we shall be soon on the move. No idea of our destination, but looks like the Dardanelles…I want you to get Mrs. Webster to knit me some socks, as they are hard to obtain here, and they are most essential…

Excuse this short note in pencil, but I am having a short rest in hospital with dysentery. I am quite better now, but a trifle weak. I am in the Mena Hospital, before the war one of the leading tourist hotels in the world. My bed is in the old ballroom where the Crown Prince of Germany and all Royalty have dined…

Mena House, 1915

Mena House, 1915

Mena, Egypt. c. 1915. The Mena Hotel which was close to Mena Army Camp and the Pyramids. The hotel was converted to house No 2 Australian Army General Hospital and No 2 Australian Army Stationary Hospital.

Mena, Egypt. c. 1915. The Mena Hotel which was close to Mena Army Camp and the Pyramids. The hotel was converted to house No 2 Australian Army General Hospital and No 2 Australian Army Stationary Hospital.

1/5/1915

Seventeen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1914 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Pioneer Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (mdhs.org.au).

New book entitled Kiora Kith and Kin, by Shirley Jurmann is also now available from the Society.

A donation box used to collect money for the Red Cross during World War 1. This box is currently on display at the Moruya Museum.

Weddings, Prohibition and the Red Cross – news from 100 years ago

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of this time in 1915, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

AGISTMENT – 4700 head of sheep have arrived at the well-known Buckenboura Estate from one of the drought-stricken western districts. The Manager, Mr. Vider, informs us that 299 points of rain have fallen at Buckenboura lately, and that the grass is growing beautifully.   24/4/1915

King George V

King George V

“FOLLOW THE KING” – The “Follow the King” movement is making rapid headway in the State. A requisition signed by 1500 citizens was presented to the Lord Mayor (Alderman Richards), asking him to call a public meeting of citizens for the purpose of advocating a patriotic movement to follow the example set by His Majesty in the voluntary abstinence from alcohol during the war. The Lord Mayor agreed to call the meeting as requested.

At a large meeting in Sydney of the Prohibition Party on Saturday last the following resolution was carried: – “That the Prohibition Party congratulates the Labor Conference upon its emphatic declaration in favour of closing hotels and wine shops at 6 Screen Shot 2015-04-27 at 3.56.23 pmo’clock in the evening, and expresses the hope that the Government and Parliament will at the earliest possible moment give effect to the decision of conference by passing the necessary legislation.”

It was further resolved that the Minister for Public Instruction be asked to receive a deputation for the purpose of urging that definite temperance teaching be given in all the Public schools of the State. A committee was appointed to arrange for a series of prohibition meetings in the metropolis.   24/4/1915

Sacred, Heart Catholic Church, Moruya in 1908. The church would have looked like this at the time of the wedding.

Sacred, Heart Catholic Church, Moruya in 1908. The church would have looked like this at the time of the wedding.

WEDDING – The Sacred Heart Church, Moruya, was the scene of a pretty wedding on Wednesday at 10 a.m., when the Very Rev. Father Cassidy celebrated the marriage of Miss Mary Elicia (‘Pollie’) second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J.W. Behringer, of Yarragee, and Mr. Thomas W.F., youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. R. Heffernan, of Yarragee. The church was beautifully decorated with white flowers and graceful palms by girl friends of the bride.

The handsome bride, who entered the church on the arm of her father, looked charming in a sweetly pretty gown of grey satin. From under a deep swathed belt fell a graceful tunic of crepe de chene. The bodice was veiled in grey tuscana net with vest and collar of white marquisette. Her hat of white velours was smartly finished with a pale pink mount. A handsome diamond ring and gold cable bangle were the bridegroom’s gifts.

The bride was attended by her sister, Miss Florrie Behringer, who was beautifully gowned in a nattier blue crepe de chene with a chic cream collar. Her white hat with a dainty blue posy and a gold bracelet, studded with diamonds and rubies (the gift of the bridegroom) completed a pretty costume. Mr. R.B. Heffernan (brother of the bridegroom), officiated as best man

….After the ceremony a reception was held at the Royal Hotel where light refreshments were partaken of and the bride cut the richly embellished wedding cake, which was a delectable production from the establishment of Mr. Albert Lynch….   24/4/1915

The wedding breakfast was held at Carden's Royal Hotel, Moruya.

The wedding breakfast was held at Carden’s Royal Hotel, Moruya.

RED CROSS WORK – The liberal response from all parts of the British Empire, and particularly Australia, to the appeal by the British Red Cross Society, is the subject of favourable comment in a leading article in the London “Times” of March 6, in which “a special tribute of admiration to the signal efforts of Australia” is paid. Of a total of £119,136, which had been contributed in money by the overseas dominions when the last mail left, Australia headed the list with £76,609, and in gifts in kind her offerings were far larger than those of any of the other dominions.   24/4/1915

A donation box used to collect money for the Red Cross during World War 1. This box is currently on display at the Moruya Museum.

A donation box used to collect money for the Red Cross during World War 1. This box is currently on display at the Moruya Museum.

Seventeen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1914 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Pioneer Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (mdhs.org.au).

Our latest publication entitled Kiora Kith and Kin, by Shirley Jurmann is also now available from the Society.

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Sergeant David Samuel Anderson – Son, Brother, Mate and Soldier

On this year’s centenary of Anzac Day we pause to remember the men and women who left Australia and sailed to far off lands. They were probably filled with a mixture of hope, adventure, uncertainty, bravery and fear. Many of these men and women never returned to Australia. We know of these men and women; but we don’t often get the chance to know them Too often we only know these brave men and women as names on a cenotaph or an honour roll. Sometimes we are able to put names to beautiful sepia images of soldiers in their smart uniforms that were taken before they embarked for the battlefields of Egypt, Palestine, Gallipoli and the Western Front.

Sargt. David Anderson

Sargt. David Anderson

Now, thanks to modern technology, we can now access full military records of virtually all Australian servicemen and women through the Australian National Archives, the brilliant Discovering Anzacs and the Australian War Memorial. These records tell us about bravery, sickness, hospitalisations and too often death.

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A small section of David Anderson’s Attestation Paper – Discovering Anzacs

What these records don’t tell us is that these brave men and women were far, far more than names, ranks and numbers. They were sons, daughters, brothers, sisters, mates, friends, boyfriends and girlfriends. Some were husbands, wives, fathers and mothers. Sergeant David Samuel Anderson is just one of these men. Military records tell us that David Samuel Anderson was born at ‘Lakeview’, Bergalia in 1892. David volunteered for the First World War and served in Gallipoli and Egypt before arriving in France in June 1916. His battalion (54th) was sent to relieve troops at Fromelles in northern France, close to Belgium. He was killed in the Battle of Fromelles (Pheasant Wood) on the 19 July 1916. By using DNA his body was finally identified in 2014.

Fromelles

Sergeant Anderson’s headstone at Pheasant Wood Military Cemetery, Fromelles, Lille, Nord Pas de Calais, France

We are lucky enough to know that David Anderson’s life was far richer than any service records can possibly indicate. We  now know a lot about his life through many family recollections, shared memories and photographs. We now know that: David Anderson was a son and brother

David’s father, Joseph Clarke Anderson, died of Typhoid Fever at Lake View in 1896, leaving his wife Kissock with six young children to raise, and a property to manage. Jill Byrnes

David's mother, Kissock Rae Anderson

David’s mother, Kissock Rae Anderson

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David Anderson ( bottom row second from right) with his five siblings.

David was certainly a good student One of David’s exercise books from 1900 is currently on display in the Moruya Museum. He was only eight years old when he completed this beautiful handwriting exercise and the complicated mathematical operations on the second image – reducing Pounds, Shillings and Pence into Farthings. Even at this early age David was demonstrating very high levels of fine-motor coordination

David Anderson was also a school student. One of his exercise books from 1900 is on display at our museum

This handwriting exercise was completed in April 1900. David was 8 years old at the time.

Schoolchildren who visit the museum are always impressed by the David's neat bookwork

Schoolchildren who visit the museum are always impressed by the David’s neat bookwork

David was a sportsman and mate

(Following Joseph Anderson’s death)…….Kissock moved to Sydney with the children and purchased and managed a boarding house for ‘gentlemen studying for the ministry’ in Ultimo. ‘Lake View’ passed to other family members. David continued his education in Sydney, and became a manufacturing jeweller. He was also in the Scottish Rifles and a keen rugby player. Jill Byrnes

Family memories and photographs show us that the young student grew up loving Rugby. Here he is shown playing for Sydney teams.

Davis was a keen rugby player

Davis was a keen rugby player

...and a real mate

…and a real mate

David Anderson also played the piano After looking at the beautifully neat, early exercise books, it is easy to see how that boy grew into a man who loved rugby, played the piano and also made fine jewellery.

David enjoyed playing the piano

David enjoyed playing the piano

David Anderson also left a sweetheart behind Like many, many men who went off to battle, David didn’t just leave family and friends behind. Esther, his beautiful sweetheart , was left behind.

David also left behind Esther, his sweetheart

David also left behind Esther, his sweetheart

This bright young man, loving son and brother; jeweller, rugby player, mate and boyfriend; left Australia to fight in those battlefields of Africa, Asia and Europe. David’s family never saw him again.

David’s family got the news that David was ‘missing in action’ but always hoped he would somehow return home one day. It took 98 years before David’s body was finally identified from the mass grave dug by the Germans behind their lines. Putting the story together, it appears David was one of those who broke through the formidable German defences and temporarily captured German trenches for some hours, before being encircled and killed. That is why he was in the grave dug by the Germans and not identified until 2014. Jill Byrnes

Showing David's ring

Family member, Jill Byrnes at David’s grave . Jill is proudly wearing a ring crafted by David. His beloved tartan can also be seen.

I am extremely privileged by being given a glimpse into the short life of Sergeant David Samuel Anderson. While the Ode has always touched me, it will really resonate with me this year. By looking at David’s intimate family photos, we are forced to realise the immensity of the sacrifice made by David and the many, many other Australians who went to war.

They went with songs to the battle, they were young. Straight of limb, true of eye, steady and aglow. They were staunch to the end against odds uncounted, They fell with their faces to the foe. They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old: Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn. At the going down of the sun and in the morning, We will remember them. They mingle not with their laughing comrades again; They sit no more at familiar tables of home; They have no lot in our labour of the day-time; They shall sleep with honour as do we; For the Fallen Laurence Binyon Stanzas 2,3 and 4

An amazing, interactive map of the Dardarnelles

Soldiers of the Eurobodalla

Moruya and District Historical Society is proud to announce the showing of six documentary films detailing the lives of five servicemen and one Nursing Sister from our local region, who served their country during the Great War. These films will be shown on ANZAC DAY 2015 in the Mechanics Institute Hall, Page Street, Moruya, commencing at 10.00am and running continuously throughout the day until 5.00pm.

This event is part of the special commemoration of the centenary of the landing by the ANZACS on the shores of Gallipoli. These films will subsequently be shown in the Moruya Museum as a part of a special small Gallipoli  exhibition at the normal Museum opening times.

The films are the work of filmmaker and society member Ian Hibberson,  who was sponsored by the MDHS following the receipt of to a grant from the Department of Veterans’ Affairs ANZAC Centenary Local Grants Program.

The films could not  have been created without the kind co-operation of some of the families and archival photographs and footage.

The names of those commemorated in these documentaries are:

RAYMOND CHARLES BISHOP, 55th.Batt.AIF, 14th.Brigade, KIA Fromelles in Northern France on 19th. July 1916.

NORMAN  BLAKE CORKHILL, Machine  Gun instructor and Navigator.

PEARL ELISABETH  CORKHILL  MM, Nursing Sister, Australian Army Nursing Service.

HERBERT  FREDERICK  HUTCHINGS, No.1 Field Company Engineers, Light  Horse.

HOLROYD ROBERT INNES, Driver and Gunner

JAMES STUART  LESLIE ROSS, Australian  Flying  Corps, Killed in a flying accident, Surbiton London, 1919.

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Ilma Waters obviously loved picnics. This phot was taken at a picnic at Moruya Heads in 1908.

Archbishop speaks out against ‘domestic decadence’ and ‘useless dolls’.

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of this time in 1915, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

TELEGRAPHIC NEWS – LONDON – A Zeppelin that dropped bombs in England travelled at a height of 2000 feet. A few houses were destroyed. No lives were lost but some were injured. Four fires were caused in dwelling houses at Wallsend. One bomb fell into a room where a woman was bathing a baby. The woman was injured. No damage was done at Blyth. Many people took refuge in cellars. There was no panic. The raid lasted 40 minutes. The night was very dark.   17/4/1915

World War One zeppelin aircraft

World War One Zeppelin aircraft

Toohey’s – not good enough for the ‘lager lappers’

LAGER LAPPERS – The San Francisco liner Ventura has landed a thousand barrels of beer and four thousand cases ditto for the Sydney swankers. Ye ken, Australian beer is not good enough for the people who make their money here to guzzle, though it might be ten times better in quality than the imported stuff. These gluttons, perhaps, could afford to pay a much-increased tariff on their favorite beverage, and should be required to do so. Some of these lager lappers reckon it denotes kultur to mop up that insipid beverage, and very few of the general public would growl if a high tariff was placed on it. – “Exchange”   17/4/1915

SUNDAY SCHOOL PICNIC – For their annual celebration this year the pupils attending St. John’s Sunday School were treated to a river picnic at Malabar, being taken to the trysting ground in Mr. Weatherby’s launch. The children were regaled with abundance of good things dear to the youngsters’ hearts. During the afternoon prizes, donated by the parents and friends, were competed for. Much praise is due to Misses Ilma and Doris Walter, Bond, Rev. Rix and Mr. Debenham, assisted by a number of the parents for the excellent management and delightful time they gave their pupils.   17/4/1915

Ilma Waters obviously loved picnics. This phot was taken at a picnic at Moruya Heads in 1908.

Ilma Waters (far left) obviously loved picnics. This photo was taken at a picnic at Moruya Heads (North Head) in 1908.

HUGE SCHEME – The “Daily Express” says the Government has decided to purchase all breweries and licensed houses in the United Kingdom, and to establish a State monopoly of beer. Only light varieties of beer will be brewed and sold. A committee is working out the details of the scheme. The purchase price is estimated at over £200,000,000, payable in 4 per cent. licence bonds.   17/4/1915

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Archbishop Michael Kelly (1850 -1940

ARCHBISHOP KELLY says: “If the domestic decadence so marked in some modern circles is increased in the next generation to the same extent as it has been in the last, one wonders what sort of useless dolls will have the effrontery to call themselves women and seek for masculine admiration.   17/4/1915

MECHANICS’ MEETING – The monthly committee meeting was held on the 8th inst., Messrs. R. Dawson (chair), E.J. Egan, R. Knight, T. Flood, R.N. Carden, A.F. Emmott and R. Somerset being present. Among the correspondence received was a letter from the Fisk Jubilee Singers asking for vacant date for use of hall …A letter from the Literary Institutes’ Association asking the committee to write to the Member for the district to give his most cordial support towards securing an amendment in the Local Government Amending Bill exempting all Schools of Art and Literary Institutes from the payment of rates. The secretary was instructed to write the Association saying that this committee would co-operate; also write to Captain Millard asking him to do his utmost to bring about the desired effect….  17/4/1915

The Moruya Mechanic's Institute, Page St, Moruya re

The Moruya Mechanic’s Institute, Page St, Moruya re

Seventeen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1914 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms.

Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Pioneer Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (mdhs.org.au).

Our latest publication  entitled Kiora Kith and Kin, by Shirley Jurmann is also now available from the Societyfor $20.

 

 

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Blackberries: As ruthless as a German – news from March, 1915

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of this time in 1915, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

HOTEL LICENSE – Last Monday, the Licensing Bench visited Coxon’s Hotel, and , after inspecting the building, decided unanimously that the house was beyond repair, and that if a renewal of the license were desired, it would be necessary to build a new brick building. 27/3/1915

WAR HORSES – Mr. McNamara, of Bega, passed through Moruya for Nowra on Wednesday with 30 odd horses purchased in the Bega district, mostly, for the War Officials. There were some very nice animals in the mob, mostly on the heavy side. Mr. McNamara found it absolutely imperative to have a number of them shod in Moruya, as they were very lame through travelling so far without shoes. 27/3/1915

The 6th Regiment coming into Urgani to the water works at Guzza - From the Fred Hutchings Collections, MDHS.

These horses of the 6th Regiment coming into Urgani to the water works at Guzza are a long way from home – From the Fred Hutchings Collections, MDHS.

A GOOD SUGGESTION – Speaking at the official opening of the show, Mr. Austin Chapman M.H.R. said: “The rabbit had been the greatest curse and heaviest tax on the landholder.” He urged that the Government might well come to the rescue by helping to establish chilling depots in all small country centres and when the necessary machinery was available, giving a bonus on all rabbits caught, and organising for transport from the chilling depots, to central freezing works at seaports so that the consignments might be frozen there and consigned to the Belgians and others. It would be national work, helping the farmer, giving employment and relieving great distress, especially when the price of meat was becoming almost prohibitive. 27/3/1915

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A good sulky load (500) – MDHS Collection

 

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Recipes from 1915 using blackberries. The jam sounds good.

NOXIOUS WEEDS – The Eurobodalla Shire Council has been calling tenders for an Inspector of Noxious weeds etc. etc., during the past few weeks. If we recollect rightly the Council had a special Inspector going through the whole of the Shire Ridings something like 3 years ago, but what good was done in return for the money expended has in no way been made manifest.

The worst enemy the man on the land has to contend with is the blackberry; and from all appearances this hateful shrub is going just as strong as ever in and around Moruya; in fact it has taken possession of some of our streets and public roads and enjoys a most luxuriant growth in no less a public position than our Court House. According to a writer in the “Bulletin” who signs himself “Rimu,” the blackberry is something like the Germans, it won’t be knocked out without a stubborn fight. He says:

“As a firm believer in evolution I cannot help seeing that the lord and master of this planet is likely to be the blackberry bramble. True, it is only a vegetable, but it has an astonishing grip on the principles of living. It is as fierce as a Montenegrin, and as ruthless as a German; it multiplies by seeds, by suckers, and by cuttings; it is as intelligent as anything its own weight and size, and for dogged obstinacy, enduring pluck and low cunning it beats the bulldog, foxterrier, dingo and all other dogs. I recently wrestled in prayer, backed by a mattock and otherwise, with a patch of the herb, and was knocked out in the third round. I grubbed it out and burned every fragment I could find, after digging the ground over and raking it for particles of roots. After the first warm rain I counted and destroyed 78 blackberry plants and once more dug and raked the ground. After the second warm rain the plants numbered 215, and there are now about 2578, and the fruit crop promises to be very good, thank you”

Rimu . 27/3/1915

Rimu 'complained' about these berries.

Rimu ‘complained’ about these berries.

Seventeen 100 Years Ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1914 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Pioneer Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (mdhs.org.au).

Our latest publication entitled Kiora Kith and Kin, by Shirley Jurmann is also now available from the Society for $20.

Beehive Store Vulcan St Abt 1890

The Evolution of Emmotts by Shirley Jurmann

From front verandah of “Merlyn” in Campbell Street to Harris Scarfe in Vulcan Street

Abraham Emmott was born 29th July 1814 in Addingham, Yorkshire, England. In 1837 he married Elizabeth Watson. Along with his wife and six children he arrived in Australia on the “Ellenborough” on 14th November 1855. A son James had died on the voyage. On arrival Abraham obtained employment with Newton Brothers in Sydney where he worked until 1859. He then came to Moruya and established his “Beehive” store in Campbell Street in the old Erin-Go-Bragh hotel (later called “Merlyn”) which had been moved from Broulee. He at first rented this building and then when it came up for sale, bought it.

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Emmotts first store in Campbell Street – MDHS Collection

The business was very successful largely due to the courtesy and attention of family members. Making customers comfortable and happy was a high priority. As well as serving the local community Emmotts supplied food and hardware for the diggers at the

John Emmott, target of bushrangers -  MDHS Collection

John Emmott, target of bushrangers – MDHS Collection

Nerrigundah and Araluen goldfields. In January 1864 Abraham’s son John was at their branch store in Nerrigundah. Most of the store owners had large quantities of gold on the premises. John went to bed in a room next to the store. While he slept thieves removed a panel from the wall and stole the day’s takings of gold dust. In April 1865 John was returning from the goldfields with some gold. He was attacked, shot in the leg and robbed of gold, a gold watch and other valuables by the bushrangers, the Clarke Gang. He survived but was left with a limp.

New larger shop premises were erected on the corner of Queen and Vulcan Streets in 1862. In 1888 an imposing residence was added next door. In later years the store was taken over by sons John and William. Around 1900 one of the people working for J. and W. Emmott was William Connors. He later went to Sydney but returned some years later to be the manager of the grocery department of Emmotts store. He later moved on to manage a store owned by the Bodalla Company at Bodalla. He continued on as manager when this store was taken over by A.F. Emmott and later bought the store from Mr Emmott.

In 1901 the question of street lighting was being discussed. The Acetylene Gas Company was asked to supply one street light for a trial of one month. Councillors were concerned about the expense but private use became more frequent as systems were improved. Emmmotts store was lit by acetylene gas for the first time in May 1902.

During the time of J. and W. Emmott , William lived in the residence until his retirement in about 1910. Grandson of the original owner (also called Abraham or A.F. Emmott) next took over the store. When he married in 1911 the residence became the home of his family. In her “Memories of Vulcan Street in the 1920s” daughter May Koellner nee Emmott described the interior of this house and her memories of living there.

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Emmotts in 1883 – Photo MDHS Collection

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Emmotts in 1890 – Photo MDHS Collection

Beehive Store Vulcan St Abt 1890

Emmotts in 1905 -Photo MDHS Collection

The store was large by small country town standards and sold just about everything. Most supplies, except for locally bought produce, had to come by boat. These supplies were picked up by horse drawn vehicles at the wharf and taken to the store. Deliveries to homes and farms were also at first by horse drawn vehicles. In 1912 Mr S. O’Cass was the driver of the delivery van. When delivering goods to Mogo he left the van and horses on the top of the hill near the school. The horses took fright and bolted, crashing into the bridge. The vehicle was somewhat damaged. Around 1915-16 Sid Louttit drove the delivery van. In her 1916 diary Caroline Collett mentions family members at Mungerarie getting a lift to or from town in the Emmott van. Sid farmed nearby. The comfort of customers was a prime consideration with chairs at all the counters. There was no self-service. Customers were served by a courteous employee . Groceries were on shelves behind the counter as were other goods in all departments.

In 1927 Abraham junior wanted to pursue his farming interests at Bodalla and so the store was sold. It continued to trade under the name “Emmotts”, with J. P. Sheridan and later his son Bernard as managers.
On the other side of the residence was another small store which in the late 1930s, early 1940s was a crockery and kitchen ware department of Emmotts. Vic Louttit was in charge of this until he left to enlist in the army in WWII.

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Counter staff at Emmotts before the opening of the new store. Far left is Mick O/Grady. Far right is Stan Honan -Photo MDHS Collection

In 1959 the business would be 100 years old. The premises needed to be modernised and expanded. It was decided to demolish the residence and rebuild the store. By August 1958 John W. Brown of Moruya had commenced the demolishment and reconstruction work. According to the “Moruya Advertiser” the store would be on ultra-modern lines. There would be a super-market with the latest American style refrigerator. All other departments would have the latest type fixtures, featuring goods on open display. The building was to be built in four stages, the first to be built on the vacant land right on the corner. When this stage was completed some departments would move into this, the other parts would be pulled down in stages and rebuilt. The old residence, part of which was being used as a part of the store and as storage space, would also be pulled down. By April 1959 a section of the new front was completed and work was progressing rapidly. A “Colour Parade” being held by British Paints and their distributors Emmotts, was so well attended it could not be held in the advertised CWA rooms so the newly completed super-market section of Emmotts had to be used.

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Flo Louttit in  costume -Wendy Craze Collection

In August 1959 Douglas Thomson declared the new premises open. There were various competitions with prizes held during the week. Entries exceeded expectation so Emmotts came to the party offering extra prizes. One competition was a fancy dress one with separate sections for adults and children.

Best 1859 style costume prizes were awarded to Mrs H. (Flo) Louttit and Mrs E. Whipp. Flo’s costume was indeed authentic as the dress had belonged to an ancestor of Ilma Walter who generously lent it to Flo. Most Original was given to Mrs A. Holmes.

Most Comical was won by Mrs Facer of Narooma. Each of these winners received a 5 pound open order.

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Entries in the Fancy Dress competition. From Left: Lexie Fairlie,Mrs Whipp, Heather Chesher, Mrs Marsh, Flo Louttit -Photo Shirley Jurmann Colection

In the children’s section the best 1859 style costume was won by Robyn Fairlie. Most original was won by Maurice Elliott and most comical by Paul Flynn. Each of the children received a 2 pound open order.
Over 100 entries were received in the drawing competition. 16 years and under was won by Terry Gray. 12 years and under was won by Stuart Veitch. 9 years and under was won by Bruce Brown. Consolation prizes were won by Jeanne Martin, Diana Pitt, Ronald Clarke, Shirley Lamont, Dawn Lamont and David Pheeney.`
The celebrations and bargains continued all week culminating in the Pony Club Parade on the Saturday. A competition was held for the “Best Kept Pony and Equipment”. The judges were Col Donnelly, Les Jeffery and Mr G. Smith.
The prizes were awarded as follows: 1st Brian Clarke, 2nd Bill Louttit, 3rd Terry Heffernan. Consolation prizes were awarded to Kathy Louttit, Yvonne Irving, Rhonda Mills and Lloyd Donnelly.

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Place getters in Pony Club Parade: Brian Clarke 1st, Bill Louttit 2nd and Terry Heffernan 3rd -Photo Bill and Ruth Louttit Collection

Another competition was held to guess the number of revolutions a “Fler” Chair would make in a working week. This was won by C.J. Dempsey of Kiora.

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Some of Emmotts staff late 1950s. Mrs Warburton, Shirley Barrington, Jill McDiarmid, Kay Heffernan and Brian Turnbull -Photo MDHS Collection

The shop expanded. A new hardware and building supplies section was opened where Woolies is now. A furniture department was opened in the old Amusu Hall, now Silly Willy’s. Another department opened further along Vulcan Street in the old Commercial Bank building, later CWA rooms and later still a chemist and now Firefly Interiors. This building had been purpose built by John Emmott in the early 1880s and was bought by the Bank in 1928. It was used as a bank until about the early 1950s when a new bank and residence was built on the opposite side of Vulcan Street.

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Interior of Allens store in 2006 -Photo MDHS Colection

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Emmotts store, at this stage trading as Allens – MDHS Colllection

 

The store continued to trade for around another twenty or so years under the Emmotts name until it was bought by Fosseys. It was later Grace Brothers, J.B. Youngs and later still Allens. Around this time some Year 12 students had some fun on their muck up day. They painted Emmotts on the front window, crossed that out and put Fosseys, crossed that out and put Grace Bros, crossed that out and put J.B. Youngs, crossed that out and put Allens. The frequent name changes were confusing. It now trades as Harris Scarfe, still providing the district with a great department store. It no longer has a grocery or supermarket department or hardware section or furniture department but many a tourist’s visit to Moruya would not be complete without a visit to this store.

Harris Scarfe 2015

Harris Scarfe Store in 2015 -Photo Bill and Ruth Louttit Collection

Some people who have worked at the store over the last seventy or so years include: Elva Barrington, Jan McGuiness, Judith Rootsey, Joy Clulee, Reg Burns, Geraldine Heffernan, Jack McNamara, Bob Wilkins, Gordon Smith, Bob Dalby, Jill McDiamid, Barry Cowdroy, Jean Robbins, Norah Smith, Barbara Lamont, Corinne Millard, Yvonne Irving, Alex Wedutenko, Patsy Stubbs, Beverley Spicer, Dolly Windley, Mrs Warburton, Helen Brogan, Joan Beashel, Pat Curtis, Joan Burke, Margaret Gould, Ida Heffernan, Flo Louttit, Doug Gordon, Peter Bannon, John Hay, Mrs Shipp, Gordon Smith, Gordon Parrish, Keith Pickett, Brian Pollock, Col Jay, Keith Hazell, Lil Cooper, Rusty Russell, Alan Head, Dawn Head, Jimmy Streeter, Keith Woods, Shirley Barrington, Nell Constable, Kay Heffernan, Brian Turnbull, Mick O’Grady, Stan Honan, Pat O’Grady, Cecil Clark, Os Tessier, Marcella Lynch, Mylie Lavis, Reg Heffernan, Bill Turner, Albert Ferderer, John Flynn, Barry Irwin. Chris Heffernan worked there in school holidays from the time he was about twelve. J.P. Sheridan and son Bernard were managers at various times. For a lot of Moruya people a job at Emmotts or their successors was their first job on leaving school. For some it became a lifelong career.
References:
MDHS Pioneer Directories
“Moruya Advertiser”
“Memories of Vulcan Street Moruya in the 1920s” by May Koellner nee Emmott
Various publications of the MDHS
Interviews with locals including Bill and Ruth Louttit, Rankin McCarron, Fay Heffernan nee Cowdroy

Nerrigundah in the gold rush days

A Bachelor Tax In Season and Out – in the news from 100 years ago today

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of this time in 1915, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:


SHOULD AUSTRALIA’S HALF-MILLION BACHELORS BE TAXED?
– In ordinary times the Bachelor Tax is a joke to be fired off at smoke-nights and sewing-meetings; but it appears to be a very serious problem just now, for Mr. J.B. Sharpe, Federal Member for Oxley, tells “Everylady’s Journal” for March (just issued) that he intends bringing a Bill before parliament for the purpose of imposing a tax on Australia’s half-million bachelors.

Sydney Morning Herald, 1 January, 1915

Sydney Morning Herald, 1 January, 1915

Following up the receipt of this information, “Everylady’s Journal” invited a number of prominent men to offer opinions upon the right or wrong of such a tax. Lord Mayor Sir David Hennessy says that bachelors ought to be taxed, and that he has always advocated a bachelor tax in season and out. Mr. Carmichael Minister of Public Instruction for New South Wales says that there are better ways, both of raising revenue and of getting our young men married off.

“The girls,” says Mr. Carmichael, “have the remedy in their own hands. They have the vote – let them make the proposals!” Altogether it is a bright and healthy discussion. 20/3/1915

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Image: Everylady’s Journal, 5 October 1918 (National Library of Australia). Originally entitled the New Idea, the Everylady’s Journal reverted to the New Idea in 1938

NERRIGUNDAH(From our Correspondent.) – Now that the winter is approaching with its usual cold nights Nerrigundah will feel the want of a warm room where people could spend a few hours in a social chat, a debate, or enjoy a game of cards, draughts, etc., to pass away the time and relieve the monotony, as well as read in some comfort the papers of the day, or some of the scores of magazines and books that the well-stocked library possesses in the local School of Arts. The School of Arts would be the proper place if that institution could be made attractive.

There was some talk last year and the year previous about building a fireplace so that the hall could be warmed up during the cold evenings, and as it is understood that sufficient funds are in hand why is it not spent in this very necessary work, and induce the public to become members. The School of Arts is a public building and has been subsidised by the Government for the benefit of the people and should be made accessable and comfortable. It is hoped that some steps will be taken at once to place this institution under sound and progressive management. 20/3/1915

Presbyterian Church, Evans Street, Moruya

PRESBYTERIANISM – To-morrow (Sunday), the Rev A.G. McDonald will preach his farewell sermon in the local Presbyterian Church, this gentleman having resigned his charge of this circuit. Those who know Mr. McDonald best exceedingly regret his decision to leave, being an eloquent preacher and a most energetic worker in his calling.

The Reverend gentleman’s presence was a decided acquisition to the concert platform, his delightful Scotch ballads being always enjoyed by the Moruya audience. He is a versatile entertainer and a brilliant conversationalist, having gained vast knowledge through his travels around the Globe, and his departure will leave a decided blank in our social life. 20/3/1915

Sydney Morning Herald, 4 January , 1915

Sydney Morning Herald, 4 January , 1915

BELGIAN MEETINGS – A number of Turlinjah and Bergalia residents met on Saturday night last, when it was decided to organise a dance for Easter Monday night, the proceeds to go towards the Belgian Relief Fund. Mrs. F. Gardiner and Miss M. Bown were appointed Secretaries and Mr. S. Shumack treasurer. The Committee of the Turlinjah Mechanics’ Institute will give the use of their hall free, Mrs. Shumack has kindly volunteered to supply the music and the residents will donate the refreshments… 20/3/1915

Seventeen ‘100 years ago‘ booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1914 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Pioneer Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (mdhs.org.au).

Our latest publication, entitled Kiora Kith and Kin, by Shirley Jurmann is also now available from the Society for $20.

These scenes must have been incomprehensible to our local diggers - from the photos of Fred Hutchings ( MDHS Museum)

A war time solution to bad behaviour and distinguished guests to ‘the Bay’

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of this time in 1915, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

A women from Cairo - was she winked at? From the Fred Hutchings Collection, MDHS

A women from Cairo – was she winked at? From the Fred Hutchings Collection, MDHS

THE BAD AT THE FRONT – Something is said about the weeding-out of “undesirables” – drunks and gamblers, and soldiers who howl at night, and fellows who haunt the back streets of Cairo during the dark hours and wink at Egyptian girls – from the Australian forces in Egypt. These dubious characters, it is alleged, are to be sent back to Australia in disgrace, so that they may marry undesirably, and rear undesirable families, while the good men go to the front, and do battle with the Turk, and are shot by Abdul Fez.

This idea that the worst citizen should be carefully preserved from destruction, and get a free passage home to the place where he used to be a nuisance, and become one of the fathers of the community, and help to make our laws, and even go into Parliament, while the best citizen is killed, looks like an absurdity. Every undesirable who is already in the force should be carefully preserved. Every criminal, hunchback, forger, or other bad character who seeks to enlist should be enlisted with enthusiasm.

The drunkard should be taken on the evidence of his breath and his nose. The worst scoundrels should have extra pay, if necessary; and extra special uniforms, and on the day of battle they should go first, being the folk who can best be spared. They would certainly kill somebody before they died – “Bulletin”. 13/3/1915

These scenes must have been incomprehensible to our local diggers - from the photos of Fred Hutchings ( MDHS Museum)

These scenes must have been incomprehensible to our local diggers – from the photos of Fred Hutchings ( MDHS Museum)

THE SUPPLIERS of the Corunna Cheese Factory have unanimously resolved to donate a day’s milk, or a day’s cheese, to the Belgians and also to make regular monthly donations. 13/3/1915

A Studebaker of the time.

A Studebaker of the time.

MR. T. MITCHELL’S Studebaker motor car made a name for itself last week by flying up Larry’s and Araluen Mountains with six passengers and driver, to the Braidwood show and races and doing the trip, actual running time, in about 3 hours… 13/3/1915

BATEMAN’S BAY (From our Correspondent).- Included in the list of visitors at the Clyde Hotel this week were Sir Allen and Lady Taylor accompanied by Mrs. Stuart. The party were met at the Bay by Mr. G.H. James, Moruya. Sir Allen’s trip is of a semi-private nature. He left Sydney early Sunday morning and journeyed via Goulburn, Canberra and Braidwood, arriving at the Bay about 4 o’clock, having had the misfortune to encounter the westerly dust storm, so severe was it that on numerous occasions the car had to be stopped, the driver finding it impossible to see where he was going. Immediately on arrival Sir Allen proceeded to discharge his cargo of dust in Brookes’ swimming baths.

Mr George F and Coroline E  James of 55 Campbell Street Moruya met Sir and Lady Taylor at Batemen's Bay

Mr George F and Coroline E James of 55 Campbell Street Moruya met Sir Allen and Lady Taylor at Batemen’s Bay. The James are pictured here on a world cruise.

Sir Allen Arthur Taylor (1864 – 1940) was an Australian businessman and NSW state politician who was Lord Mayor of Sydney and a member of the NSW Legislative Council.

Sir Allen Arthur Taylor (1864 – 1940) was an Australian businessman and NSW state politician who was Lord Mayor of Sydney and a member of the NSW Legislative Council.

This being done and getting his vision cleared he was desirous of having a look round the Bay and inquiring about the different industries. Mr. James showed him round. As Sir Allen is a man who is charged to the finger tips with energy and progressiveness, he was much interested in the various little workings here. Whether he passed his magnetic wand over the place or gave it a push, new life has been infused in the Bay already, and it is hoped that he will visit this district often…13/3/1915

Seventeen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1914 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Pioneer Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (mdhs.org.au).

Our latest publication entitled Kiora Kith and Kin, by Shirley Jurmann is also now available from the Society.