The gift tin in our collection

Australian War Contingent Association Gift Tin -1915

This gift ‘tin’ is a small but very interesting item that is one of the many objects on display in our museum for the exhibition that we are holding throughout August to mark the outbreak of World War 1. These artefacts, including letters, postcards and photographs, really do provide a rich and quite fascinating local perspective to an event that was the first real test of Australia as a nation.

Object: An Australian War Contingent Association gift tin with original chocolate contents, postcard and label. The rectangular gift tin is made of lacquered tin-plate and has a hinged lid printed in black with the Australian coat of arms in the centre and ‘1915.’ on either side.

The gift tin in our collection

The gift tin in our collection

Beneath this are the words ‘TO THE AUSTRALIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE FROM THE AUSTRALIAN WAR CONTINGENT ASSOCIATION, LONDON. “A HAPPY NEW YEAR TO ONE AND ALL.”‘.

Original contents: The tin originally contained Fry’s chocolate, with the yellow, black and orange label reading ‘FRY’S ROYAL CHOCOLATE 300 GRANDS PRIX, GOLD MEDALS, ETC. Makers to H.M. THE KING, H.M. THE QUEEN and H.M. QUEEN ALEXANDRA.’ In the top left corner of the label is the British royal coat of arms, and in the right is Queen Alexandra’s coat of arms. ‘BY APPOINTMENT’ is printed below each coat of arms.

Fry's Chocolate ( now Cadburys

Fry’s Chocolate ( now Cadburys

The gift tin also contained a novelty postcard from J. S. Fry & Sons, Ltd. It featuresd a series of red, blue, white, yellow and black circles which represent the colours of the allied forces, Belgium, England, France and Russia. Gently rotating the card produces an optical effect where the circles appear to revolve.
The Australian War Contingent Association in London produced gift tins such as this which were distributed to Australian soldiers to celebrate Christmas and the New Year.

The gift tin with chocolate and novelty postcard

The gift tin with chocolate and novelty postcard

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Mountain Identities, Plague and Concerts – from 25 July, 1914

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of this time in 1914, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

John Riley at his mountain hut

John Riley at his mountain hut

JOHN RILEY, an old mountain identity, said to be the original of Patterson’s “The Man from Snowy River,” died on the way from Groggen on Wednesday night (says Friday’s Melbourne “Argus”). He was carried on a stretcher most of the distance, and died on the road from heart failure. Groggen is 50 miles up the Murray from Corryong. Although the pace was lacking, Riley’s last journey over the rough mountain tracks must have recalled to his mates the lines he inspire: -

Through the stringy-bark and saplings on the rough unbroken ground,
Down the hillside at a racing pace he went;
And he never drew his bridle till he landed safe and sound
At the bottom of that perilous descent. 25/7/1914

Banjo Patterson

THE FEDERAL DIRECTOR of Quarantines has given a warning regarding the possibility re the introduction of bubonic plague. Cumpton says that rats are again becoming a menace. He advocates strong measures for their extermination. 25/7/1914

BATEMAN’S BAY (From our Correspondent). – The greatest assemblage of people that has been seen in the Bay for years attended the public hall here on Wednesday night at a concert in connection with the Presbyterian Church. Mrs. R.J. Brookes some months ago took a number of local children in hand and trained them for this entertainment, and although many hours have been spent in their tuition, she was amply repaid on Wednesday night, both with a liberal patronage and an appreciative audience.

Batemans Bay before the bridge over the Clyde River was built

Batemans Bay before the bridge over the Clyde River was built

Dozens were deprived of a seat, yet it did not in any way interfere with their enthusiasm or their wholehearted applause. Much lustre was added to the evening’s entertainment by a number of ladies from Moruya who were kind enough and travel all the distance to assist the cause. The chairman, Rev. G.A. MacDonald, was a host in himself, in fact some were heard to remark he has mistaken his calling, he should be before the footlights. He can be confidently recommended to the chair (at any entertainment), and especially if there is a probability of it going flat in any way…

The first part of the programme concluded with the song “Carry me back to old Virginny” in character, in which Master Jack Duffy scored a big success, his makeup as the old negro being exceptionally good, the charm of this was also enhanced by a good chorus. The wig worn by Master Jack, and of which he is very proud, was kindly made by Mrs. H. Thomson, of Moruya.


The second part of the programme was opened by a pianoforte duet by Miss Kennedy (Moruya), and a small pupil of this lady named Olive Thomson. The performance of this little mite excited great admiration and reflects much credit on her teacher….
One of the crowning jokes of the evening was a “pitched musical battle” between six little girls by Aggie, Ella and Rita Latta, and the Duffy Family called “You shan’t play in our yard,” the applause and laughter was long and loud… The evening’s amusement concluded with a screaming musical comicality in character entitled “Bunk-a-Doodle” by the children.
Master Snowy Ison’s get-up as a Highlander baffled description, as also Jack Duffy’s bookmaker’s costume (Barney Allen). The girls appeared as old ladies in Noah’s Ark costumes also causing much amusement, especially in the dance… 25/7/1914

Sixteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1913 are available ($5 ea) from the society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Pioneer Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (mdhs.org.au).

One of the football teams of the time - Bodalla c1900

Labor scrutineers, steamships and football – 27 June, 1914

Blog_Jan14HeaderShire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of this time in 1914, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

NEW STEAMER – The s.s. “Bodalla,” which is being built for the Illawarra and South Coast S.N. Co., Ltd., by Messrs. Morrison and Sinclair, of Balmain, is expected to be launched about the third week in July, and will be in commission in October. The “Bodalla” is a twin screw passenger and cargo steamer of 550 tons and is a sister ship to the “Benandra.” The policy of the Company in arranging for passenger accommodation even in the smallest of their vessels, and which has found favour with the general public, has been followed in the “Benandra” and “Bodalla”. The “Bodalla” has been built expressly for the Moruya and Narooma trade, and as her name implies, special provisions have been made for the carriage of cheese. She will, like the “Benandra,” carry a large dead weight of cargo on a light draught. The contract speed of the vessel is 9 knots loaded, and it is expected that she will do this comfortably.   27/6/1914

The ss Bodalla was wrecked off Narooma jut under 10 years later - on 27.01.1924

The ss Bodalla was wrecked off Narooma jut under 10 years later – on 27.01.1924

The seat was eventually won by the Liberal candidate Austen Chapman

The seat was eventually won by the Liberal candidate Austin Chapman

DEUA RIVER (From our Correspondent). – The pending Federal elections are being greatly discussed locally, and the critical day promises to be one brimful of excitement. There are here many loyal and enthusiastic supporters of both the Labor and the Liberal parties – the latter slightly holding sway! “Joe,” the Socialist, is still in our midst, and is as keen on politics as ever. For the last two elections “Joe” has held the exalted position here of scrutineer for the Labor candidate. It is not unusual to see “Joe” a few days before an election going the rounds after votes. “Joe” has a great pal in an enthusiast from Mullenderree, and these two are constantly seen vying with one another when there is a vacillating voter about, so I am told. Our Mullenderree friend visited this centre during the last State elections and promised that if the Labor candidate topped the poll a pedagogue would be immediately sent from the Education Department to fill the vacancy at Snaphook. The Labor candidate topped the poll, but no teacher has yet arrived. 27/6/1914

FOOTBALL, MORUYA V. TILBA TILBA For the McCauley Challenge Cup (From our Correspondent). – A large crowd assembled on the show ground on Saturday afternoon to witness the return match between Tilba and Moruya for the McCauley Cup. It was some time after the appointed hour (3 p.m.) when the play started, and being bitterly cold, there was a bit of grumbling on the part of the spectators.

From the start both sides made things lively and within five minutes Moruya were penalised for off-side, Coles landing a good penalty goal. Tilba 3, Moruya nil. Play still continued very willing, both sides indulging in passing rushes, the ball travelling rapidly up and down the field, till from scrum men halfway Debenham secured for Moruya, beating several men, passed to McDiarmid, who ran well and transferred to Sullivan, who dashed across and secured Moruya’s first try, this was the gem of the game, the excitement being intense….

Moruya 6 Tilba 3. Towards the close play became very exciting, first Tilba then Moruya having the upper hand, the full-time whistle sounding with play in neutral ground and scores unchanged. The Moruya team played very evenly, no single man being above his fellows. Debenham captained the visitors with Graham vice. All the Tilba men played good football, the most prominent being Morris, W. Grumley, Ward, Sebbens, Endicott and Parkins. The dinner, or judging from the display of good things served up might more appropriately be termed a banquet, was held in the large dining room of the Tilba Hotel…27/6/1914

 

One of the football teams of the time - Bodalla c1900

One of the football teams of the time – Bodalla c1900

Sixteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1913 are available ($5 ea) from the society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Pioneer Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (mdhs.org.au).

 

Photo tank from Yarragee Rd, Moruya.

“The Superfluous Woman” and more – from the Moruya Examiner 18 July, 1914

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of this time in 1914, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

SNOW visible on the mountains from here on Wednesday.   18/7/1914

"Superfluous Women' were often the feminists of the Victorian and Edwardian eras.

“Superfluous Women’ were often the feminists of the Victorian and Edwardian eras. At one time a popular solution was that they should be exported to the colonies. Canada, it was pointed out, had an excess of male trappers and lumberjacks, and even Australia offered many “simple pleasures”.

“THE SUPERFLUOUS WOMAN.” – It looks as if, in the craze for educating teachers, typists and Government clerks, whilst we want mothers, wives and cooks lies the why and wherefore of the “superfluous woman,” against whom an outcry is continually being made. The 20th century girl wants too much luxury. Men find it impossible to marry her and give her what she craves. And unless women are prepared to make marriage economically possible for young men, they will be condemned in increasing numbers to old-maidism.   Wide acquaintance with the relative qualities of dress good isn’t an essential. Dozens of young men, comfortably enough off to launch their boats on matrimonial seas, hesitate because the girls of their acquaintance are such useless creatures that they could not be expected, even in an emergency, to cook a dinner or open their own front doors. They want more than the average man can give them, and it’s a poor home they will make of the places they spend their days in. If their life is quiet, they perpetually bemoan its lack of interest, and think themselves ill-used; they want motor cars, expensive frocks, and a never-ending succession of gaieties. It is the training of the girls that is at fault; and the blame is with their guardians more than with themselves. If the ignorance displayed by the query as to the geological hammer were not carried into domestic realms, there would be fewer matrimonial failures and a less fervid outcry against the “superfluous woman.”   18/7/1914

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YOUR PROSPEROUS YARRAGEE farmer Mr. John Behringer, was in town a few weeks back, and after taking stock of markets left for a round trip through the northern territory. “Jack” is one of the shrewd men of the world who does not “blab” about what he is going to do until he does it and is safe from the undermining process. Your scribe opines however, that the Yarragee prosperous farmer has gone north to spy out the land and add to his present rich acres. 18/7/1914

Photo tank from Yarragee Rd, Moruya.

Photo taken from Yarragee Rd, Moruya.

yonkermanPREVENTION OF CONSUMPTION. – The following interesting article has been compiled by the Advisory Board of Experts which recently went into the whole question: – Tubercular disease is the result of the lodgement in the body and multiplication of a parasitic germ – the tubercle bacillus. The germ may enter the body in many ways. It may be swallowed with food; it may be inhaled; or it may be inoculated under the skin…

Fortunately this germ may be very readily killed outside the body – by fresh air, by sunlight, and by thoroughly cooking any food that may be suspected of containing it. Fortunately, also, almost all persons are able to inhale germs occasionally with impunity, so long as they live healthy, regular lives with plenty of sunlight fresh air and good food. It is probably only the constant inhalation of quantities of germs, and living and working in insanitary surroundings, which are dangerous to adults. Intemperate habits of any kind much increase the risks…

The Municipal Councils have a most responsible duty in this respect. If they tolerate houses unfit for habitation, if they condone insanitary dairies, dirty habits amongst milk vendors, or those who supply food, and evade the sanitary provisions of the Local Government and Public Health Acts – from mistaken motives of kindness – they will be encouraging the ravages of tubercle; but if they carry out these provisions with scrupulous care, they may feel assured that they are carrying out a work of the greatest value to the community… 18/7/1914

La Miseria by Cristóbal Rojas (1886). The author, suffering from tuberculosis, depicts the social aspect of the disease, and its relation with living conditions

La Miseria by Cristóbal Rojas (1886). The author, suffering from tuberculosis, depicts the social aspect of the disease, and its relation with living conditions

Sixteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1913 are available ($5 ea) from the society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Pioneer Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (mdhs.org.au).

The Gift Box currently on loan to our museum

Princess Mary’s Christmas Gift – 1914

Princess Mary

Princess Mary

This embossed brass ‘tin’ – the Princess Mary Christmas gift 1914  – is currently (and very generously) on loan to our museum for the upcoming  exhibition that we are holding in August to mark the outbreak of World War 1. It is only one of many artefacts that will be on display. These artefacts, including letters, postcards and photographs, really do provide a rich and quite fascinating local perspective to an event that was the first real test of Australia as a nation.

Description: The ‘tin’ itself is approximately 37 mm (Height) by125 mm (Width) with a double-skinned, hinged, lid. The surface of the lid depicts the head of Princess Mary in the centre, surrounded by a laurel wreath and flanked on either side by the ‘M’ monogram. At the top, a decorative cartouche contains the words ‘Imperium Britannicum’ with a sword and scabbard either side. On the lower edge, another cartouche contains the words ‘Christmas 1914′, which is flanked by the bows of battleships forging through a heavy sea.

In the corners, small roundels house the names of the Allies: Belgium, Japan, Montenegro and Servia; France and Russia are at the edges, each superimposed on three furled flags or standards.Decorative brass tin sent by Princess Mary to members of the British, Colonial and Indian Armed Forces for Christmas 1914. Over 426,000 of these tins were distributed to those serving on Christmas Day 1914. The tins were filled with various items including tobacco, confectionary, spices, pencils, a Christmas card and a picture of the princess.

The Gift Box currently on loan to our museum

The Gift Box currently on loan to our museum

History: The gift box was the initiative of Princess Mary, the 17-year-old daughter of King George V and Queen Mary. Princess Mary organised a public appeal which raised the funds to ensure that ‘every Sailor afloat and every Soldier at the front‘ received a Christmas present. Due to the strong public support for the gift, which saw £162,591 12s 5d raised, the eligibility for the gift was widened to include every person ‘wearing the King’s uniform on Christmas Day 1914′, about 2,620,019 servicemen and women.

The Christmas card sent by Princess Mary with the gift box.

The Christmas card sent by Princess Mary with the gift box.

The large number of people who were to receive the gift made it impossible to manufacture, supply and distribute the gifts by Christmas Day 1914. So recipients were divided into three classes: Class A (received the gift on or near Christmas Day): comprised the Navy, including minesweepers and dockyard officials, and troops at the Front in France, the wounded in hospitals and men on furlough, prisoners and men interned (for whom the gift was reserved), members of the French Mission with the Expeditionary Force, nurses at the Front in France and the widows or parents of those who had been killed. Class B: all British,

Colonial and Indian troops serving outside the British Isles, who were not provided for in Class A. Class C: all troops in the British Isles Class B and C gifts were not sent out until January 1915, they contained a Happy New Year card.Having used or consumed the contents, servicemen and women then used the tins to carry other small items.

During World War I, Princess Mary visited hospitals and welfare organizations with her mother, assisting with projects to give comfort to British servicemen and assistance to their families.

Make sure that you visit our museum during August to see this beautiful piece of history.

 

SteamPacket

Death, punts, chooks and more from – 11 July, 1914

Blog_Jan14HeaderShire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of this time in 1914, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

OBITUARY – There died at the residence of Mr. W. Mepstead, Gundary, on Monday night, Miss Marion Mary Hawdon at the age of 89 years. She was the eldest child of the late Francis Flanagan, Esq., of Shannon View Estate, Mullenderree (one of the earliest settlers in this district), and the only surviving member of that highly respected family. The deceased, who had the distinction of being the first white person born in Moruya, was a remarkably well preserved woman for her age, her tranquil and amiable disposition no doubt being accountable for the wonderful preservation. In the heyday of their youth she and her sister, the late Mrs. Manton, were known as the beautiful Miss Flanagans. The late Mrs. Hawdon had not resided on her Shannon View Estate for the last few years, having been in lodgings nearer town. About four months ago she was taken to the home of Mr. W. Mepstead, where she was carefully attended to by his wife and Nurse Constable. Deceased, who was a kind and indulgent mother, leaves two sons, Vincent (Mullenderree), and William (Sydney.) The funeral took place on Wednesday, the remains being interred in the R.C. Cemetary. The Rev. Father O’Connell performed the last sad rites at the graveside. 11/7/1914

Shannon View, Mullanderee

Shannon View, Mullenderree

BBay2BATEMAN’S BAY NEWS – Our correspondent writes: The spoke factory will resume operations on Monday morning. This news will be hailed with delight by the local people here, and as a special inducement to the spoke getters and carters they are offering cash as soon as dropped at the factory… Mr. Turnbull, the contractor for the new motor punt, has already started. He is bringing his own staff from Sydney next boat and hopes to be able to launch her by New Year’s Day. Mr. Turnbull is a solid worker himself and seems to know his business thoroughly. 11/7/1914

NERRIGUNDAH – Mr. B. Mather, while driving home from Reedy Creek on Saturday, had a narrow escape from drowning in the river at Connolly’s Crossing. The horse and sulky went almost out of sight in a hole that had been washed out by a fresh in the river. Fortunately he was heard by Messrs. P. Connolly and W. Sutherland, who with a pole managed to rescue “Ben.” The horse plunged until he broke the shafts and got free. A violin and other parcels were carried away by the current and have not since been found. A short time after Mr. “Bert” Wilson drove into the same hole and had a similar experience, he had to cut the harness to free the horse and leave the sultk stuck in the river until next day. 11/7/1914

FOR PRIVATE SALE – Freehold & Goodwill of Steam Packet Hotel, Nelligen. For particulars apply M. White Nelligen. 11/7/1914

SteamPacket

The original Steam Packet Hotel at Nelligen

 

red-sussex

The Sussex is a breed which boomed strongly in early Australian poultry history

EGGS, EGGS, EGGS – (1) Red Sussex. Champion winter layers, and cannot be beaten for table purposes. 7/6 per setting. (2) White Leghorns. Padman Cockerel, mated with Ellis and Grantham pullets. 7/6 per setting. Jos. Turner Mullenderree Moruya   11/7/1914

TENDERS – Tenders are invited for the PURCHASE with all its faults the building known as the “Old Bergalia Cheese Factory.” Tenders close on JULY 14TH, 1914. The highest or any tender not necessarily accepted. Tenders to be endorsed “Tenders,” and addressed to C.H. Hutchings, Bergalia. By order,     C.H. HUTCHINGS, Secretary.       11/7/1914

 

Sixteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1913 are available ($5 ea) from the society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Pioneer Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (mdhs.org.au).

 

indigenous-art

Indigenous Australian Family History Resources

While there are many genealogy sites and resources available on the internet only a few people are aware of the depth and quality of information available at both federal, state and district level for those interested in indigenous Australian family history research.

This post , taken from www.coraweb.com.au, presents many of those sites in an article that was reprinted in the MDHS journal in 2011 with the permission of Cora Num of CoraWeb. It has been updated with current links and a couple of newer sites also featured on the CoraWeb site.

National

Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, http://www.aiatsis.gov.au
AIATSIS-imageThis site offers resources and guidance to help with tracing Indigenous family history. These include the online Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Biographical Index, a family history information kit which includes 23+ printable fact sheets and a Brief Guide to Indigenous Family History Research. There are Online Collections which include the Koori Mail (1991-2011), Dawn and New Dawn magazines (1952-1975) plus other resources.

Infokoori

http://library.sl.nsw.gov.au:1084/search

An index to the Koori Mail from May 1991 plus an index to biographical information from Our Aim (1907-1961), Dawn (1952-1969), New Dawn (1970-1975) and Identity (1971-1982). Digitised copies of the Koori Mail (1991-2011), Dawn and New Dawn magazines (1952-1975) are available on the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies site.

Mura Gadi

http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/134560/20120609-0000/www.nla.gov.au/muragadi/A.html

An online guide to manuscripts, pictures and oral histories relating to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders held in the National Library of Australia. There are online index searches, searches by region and links to digitised copies of the material if available.

National Archives of Australia Records About Indigenous Australians
http://www.naa.gov.au/collection/a-z/aboriginal-people-resources.aspx
This site details records held for the Northern Territory and Victoria plus details of government policies on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander affairs. There is a link to Publications and other resources about Indigenous Australians which includes information on the Bringing Them Home name index (not online), links to online fact sheets, research guides, books and relevant websites.

Australian Aboriginal Genealogical Resources by Paul Mackett ( Mackett Index)

http://www.cifhs.com

Index of Aboriginal names extracted from a range of publically available records in various state and federal archives throughout Australia

Indigenous Australians at War

http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/collections/exhibitions/iaaw/home.html

A site dedicated to Indigenous Australians who served in war and peacetime. Includes bibliography, roll of honour, photographs, links and more.

Australia’s War 1939-1945- ‘All in’- Indigenous Service
http://www.ww2australia.gov.au/allin/indigenous.html
Department of Veterans’ Affairs, Australia’s War 1939-1945. This site looks at the role played by indigenous Australians in World War II.

Adoption and Forgotten Australians

http://guides.slv.vic.gov.au/content.php?pid=55757&sid=408113

A family history research guide, by the State Library of Victoria, for adopted people, Forgotten Australians and child migrants.
TIP: Check state libraries and state archival repositories for similar guides

Remembering the Mission Days-Stories from the Aborigines’ Inland Missions

http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/collections/exhibitions/missions/missions.html

This site by the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies features the magazines published by the Aborigines Inland Mission of Australia (AIM)

Screen Shot 2014-07-10 at 4.23.37 pmAboriginal Placenames

http://press.anu.edu.au/titles/aboriginal-history-monographs/placenames_citation/

The book Aboriginal Placenames: Naming and re-naming the Australian landscape, edited by Harold Koch and Luise Hercus, co-published with Aboriginal History Inc, 2009, is available in printed form or as a free download.

New South Wales

State Records New South Wales
Indigenous Communities

http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/state-archives/resources-for/indigenous-people/indigenous-communities

logoScroll down to the bottom of the page and click on Researchers then Indigenous Communities for access to many SRNSW resources including Archives in Brief fact sheets, a Guide to NSW State archives relating to Aboriginal people, plus online indexes to Aboriginal Colonial Court Cases (1788-1838) and Aboriginal People in the Register of Aboriginal Reserves (1875-1904) and links to other indexes that may be relevant.

Milton Ulladulla History Website
http://www.ulladulla.info/history
The Aboriginal category includes resources and indexes for researching indigenous families from the South Coast of New South Wales.

Northern Territory

Northern Territory Archives Service
http://www.nt.gov.au/nreta/ntas
Use the Archives Navigator link to access the online information leaflet Researching your Aboriginal Family History at the Northern Territory Archives Service. Other leaflets cover mission records, oral history and images. There is also a subject guide to Aboriginal People available.

National Archives of Australia Shop

http://eshop.naa.gov.au/c/199257/1/indigenous-australia.html

Research Guides include Tracking Family: A Guide to Aboriginal Records Relating to the Northern Territory. Click on the guide image to access the free downloadable PDF file.

Queensland

State Library of Queensland – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander family history

http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/resources/family-history/atsi

images-1This site has a getting started guide plus information on major resources held, including the Norman Tindale genealogical collection and Margaret Lawrie collection. There is also information on the various types of records and links to other related Internet sites.

Queensland State Archives

http://www.archives.qld.gov.au/Researchers/Indexes/Pages/Default.aspx

Online Indexes include Colonial Secretary’s Correspondence relating to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People 1859-1903.

South Australia

UnknownState Records of South Australia
http://www.archives.sa.gov.au/aboriginal/index.html
Aboriginal Services offers information about access to the records held plus details of available publications such as the Aboriginal Resource Kit.

State Library of South Australia
Aboriginal Family History Guide

http://guides.slsa.sa.gov.au/AboriginalFH

Find Your Way Home
http://www.salinkup.com.au
With SA Link-Up aims to assist Indigenous people find connections to family and access reunification and other services. The guide Finding Your Own Way is available online (PDF) and it details existing records of South Australian children’s homes and institutions. This site also details SA Link-Up’s book Aboriginal Missions in South Australia which covers the history of the missions and the names of people who lived there.

Tasmania

LINC Tasmania – Brief Guides
http://www.archives.tas.gov.au/guides
Brief Guides include several for tracing Tasmanian Aboriginals. Use Brief Guide 18: Records relating to Tasmanian Aboriginal people. This guide has links to two other related guides (nos. 16 and 17).

Victoria

Public Record Office Victoria

http://prov.vic.gov.au/community-programs/koorie-records-unit

Unknown-1Koorie Records Unit aims to highlight Aboriginal records within the PROV’s collection. There is a link to Finding Your Story: A Resource Manual to the Records of the Stolen Generations in Victoria. This manual is available as a free download (PDF).

State Library of Victoria online Research Guides
http://guides.slv.vic.gov.au/index.php includes information for tracing Aboriginal People.

Black Gold: Aboriginal People on the Goldfields of Victoria, 1850-1870

http://press.anu.edu.au/titles/aboriginal-history-monographs/black-gold/pdf-download/

The book Black Gold: Aboriginal People on the Goldfields of Victoria, 1850-1870, by Fred Cahir, ANU E Press and Aboriginal History Incorporated, 2012, is available in printed form or as a free download.

Western Australia

State Library of Western Australia. Indigenous Family History guide.

http://www.slwa.wa.gov.au/find/guides/indigenous_material/indigenous

coverLooking West
http://www.lookingwest.communitydevelopment.wa.gov.au
A detailed guide to Aboriginal records in Western Australia, published by the Records Taskforce of Western Australia.

Department of Indigenous Affairs (WA)
http://www.dia.wa.gov.au
This site offers a Family History link.

Extract from AIATSIS Fact Sheet 3. About Names

Names are not always what they seem, particularly in Indigenous family history research. When tracing your family history it is worth bearing the following in mind:
• Indigenous people were often identified in
older records by a given and/or traditional
name only.
• When Aboriginal people did take European names, their origins commonly include -
European translations of traditional names. The name of the property they worked on. The name of the property owner or other employer.
• You may find unexpected variations in the spellings of names. Until very late in the 19th century, there were very few people who could read and write well, meaning that a person may not know that their name was being spelt incorrectly. Names were often spelt as they had sounded, leaving plenty of scope for errors.

Old Bailey

Back to the Future in Family History

In the New Scientist Magazine of the 28 June Jennifer Ouellette discusses the mixing of science and history to reveal the ideas of the past in an article entitled Back to the Future.

With the number of records now being digitised and tagged historians have been given a wide range of information previously unavailable except in specialist archives and libraries. This digitisation allows computer programs to “connect the dots between different records”. As the article states

vast libraries that were once for human eyes only can now be read by computers and that changes everything – history is becoming a science”

“The sheer scale of many written archives means that historians typically have no choice but to be selective in what they read.

Jennifer Ouellette, New Science Magazine
June, 2014

The records of the Old Bailey London are used as an example of such records. These digitised records were used to reveal gradual changes in the way crimes were spoken about by looking at the actual words that were used in the courtroom. Similar work is about to be done on records from the French Revolution and the US Congressional Debates.

The Old Bailey, London

The Old Bailey, London

“This isn’t about to spell the end for historians though. Machines can reveal patterns, but these need to be interpreted in the context of an existing historical narrative. But we can learn a great deal about the turbulence of ideas and how discussion and debates channel, merge, and fragment over time.”

One interesting comment made on the Old Bailey records which start in 1674, is that “before 1760 many of the trial accounts read like true-crime tabloids, heavily edited to make the accused appear as guilty as possible.

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According to the transcript of the trial at the Old Bailey in 1784 my Great, great, great, great, grandfather was a profligate person at the age of 14. He is in a sense lucky that his trial wasn’t reported in the pre-1760 tabloid style.

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And the Guilty verdict that placed Matthew on the First Fleet. Just part of the real depth of information that we now have at our fingertips.

By the mid 18th century the transcripts become a fair representation of trials, recorded by stenographers hired for the purpose.” Something to keep in mind if you are researching a case that occurred in the earlier period.

To see if one of your ancestors ever ‘appeared’ at the Old Bailey click here.

Lauder

One hundred years ago – 4 July, 1914

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of this time in 1914, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

THE WEATHER – Splendid soaking rain has been falling since Tuesday evening, and at the time of going to Press there was every appearance of it continuing. Up to 9 a m yesterday the following points, kindly supplied us by Postmaster Taylor, had been recorded: – Araluen 277 points, Braidwood 70, Goulburn 18, Cooma 38, Jervis Bay 141, Milton 150, Bateman’s Bay 154, Eden 150 and Moruya 110.  4/7/1914

Merlyn  Campbell Street, Moruya

Merlyn
Campbell Street, Moruya

BROULEE – Mr. Crayton Burns has kindly shown us a beautiful picture of Broulee beach and township. This interesting illustration, which was recently sent by a friend to Mr. Burns, was taken when the old town was in a thriving state about 70 years ago. The most prominent building in the picture is a dwelling on the summit of the hill and which was owned by Mr. McCauley, grandfather of Mr. V.W.McCauley, of Mullenderree. This house was afterwards brought to Moruya, purchased by the late Mr. Abraham Emmott, and re-erected in Campbell Street as the Beehive Store. It is still in existence, being at present occupied by Mr. W. Emmott and his family. 4/7/1914

Early Broulee

Early Broulee

THE POLICE in various towns of the State are prosecuting people for playing football in public places on Sunday. 4/7/1914

IT IS NOW POSSIBLE to speak over the telephone from Bega to Sydney, but the facility is not yet available to the public. 4/7/1914

BURCH BENEFIT CONCERT A HUGE SUCCESS – The Garlandtown and Newstead residents with their unsurpassable secretaries, Misses Smith and Jenner, fully demonstrated the fact on Friday night last that they can organise a concert which will attract a large audience, as well as proving themselves adept in collecting the necessary for the poor and afflicted. On Friday night the seating accommodation in Centennial Hall was taxed to its utmost, the occasion being the concert and ball promoted for the benefit of the Burch family who are in indigent circumstances. Certainly Moruya can hold the palm for spontaneous liberality wherever an opportunity for genuine Christian charity arises, and when there are such indefatigable and cheerful workers, as the Misses Smith and Jenner, at the helm, its generosity is unbounded…

Following is the programme rendered: -

Overture (piano) – Mrs. Somerset.

Song – “They all Love Jack,” Mr. R.B. Heffernan.

Song – “Slumber Sea (encore) Miss N. Mylott.

Song – “Monarchs of the Road,” Rev. A.G. Rix.

Song – “The Swallows” (encore), Miss Ryan.

Song –  “I Hear you calling Me” (encore “Mary”) Rev. G.A. McDonald.

Song – “I Love a Lassie” (encore), Capt. Miller.

Orchestra (piano, cornet and clarionet) Miss Kennedy, Messrs. H.J. Parbery and J. Buckley.

Song – “Lillies” Miss N. Simpson.

Song – “Come Back to Erin” (encore “The Night has a Thousand Eyes”) Miss N. Mylott.

Song – “The Little Hero” (encore “Oh-ucha-San”) Mr. Sherlock.

Song – “My Wife’s gone to the Country” (encore, recitation “Mulga Bill’s Bicycle Ride”)               Master Baden Graham.

Song – “The Reason Why I Wear a Kilt” (encore) Capt. Miller.

Song – “At My Window” (encore, “Killarney”) Miss Ryan.

Song – “Loch Lomond” (encore “Wee Deoch and Doris,” encore, recitation “Me and Bill”)         Rev. G.A. McDonald…..

 

The secretaries are not yet in a position to announce the total amount of proceeds, as some of the out district collections have to come in, but we feel sure that the gross takings will be a fitting recompense for their untiring efforts on behalf of a noble cause.   4/7/1914

Sixteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1913 are available ($5 ea) from the society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Pioneer Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (mdhs.org.au).

 

battery

One hundred years ago – 20 June, 1914

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of this time in 1914, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

CAUTION. – Miss S. Boot complains to us of people damaging, by climbing her rabbit-proof fence at Yaragee, and intends prosecuting in future such offenders without any further warning, …which is not idle threat. Farmers who have been put to the trouble and expense of erecting a barrier have had quite enough to contend with without this sort of thing. Other farmers who have netted are subjected to similar treatment, but as soon as some of the guilty parties have to face the “music” no doubt it will have a beneficial result. 20/6/1914

NERRIGUNDAH (From a Correspondent). – It is now about 54 years since the first gold was discovered in the valley of the Gulph Creek, Nerrigundah…, and since that time it is estimated that nearly 40 tons of gold have been taken from the field.

Nerrigundah in the gold rush days

Nerrigundah in the gold rush days

 

Shortly after the discovery a rush set in, and soon a couple of thousand diggers were at work seeking the precious metal. The gold was of the best quality, being worth about four guineas an ounce, and found in shallow ground and some on the surface. The largest nugget I have heard of being found on the field was unearthed on “Surface Hill.” It weighed about 20 lbs and was a solid smooth block of somewhat the shape of a bootmaker’s last. This was found in a claim that had been held by Mr. Morrison, who in later years was a well-known clergyman in this district, but it is said he never got a share of the gold.

For a number of years a large population was supported by alluvial digging, and it was not until about the year 1872 that reefs were much sought after. About that time Neil Bailey and Alex Miles opened a reef in “Graveyard Creek” and a battery put through, but these claims were afterwards abandoned and the battery sold to Withers and Wood who removed it to Wagonga, where it was turned into a sawmill. Just about the same time the Bumbo reefs were opened by Coman and party and some very rich stone was taken out of this property. With much difficulty a battery was taken in through the mountains, but after working for some time the claim was given up. Other reefs were worked on different parts of the field to a depth of 50 or 60 feet and left at that, and it was generally thought that the Nerrigundah reefs would cut out at that depth.

A long-abandoned tramline at Coman's Mine, Nerrigundah

A long-abandoned track

 

A few years after this another reefing boom set in and several more reefs opened up with better results. Mr. James Pollock then put a battery on North’s Creek, and crushed for the public many good crushings from these reefs, the best being the “Eureka,” “Golden Gate,” and “Crams,” some crushing as high as 10ozs per ton…

The battery at Coman's Mine today

The battery at Coman’s Mine today

The “Ocean View” was found about this time and a battery put on it and worked for three or four years under the management of Mr. Elisha Capes. During this boom “Mount Coman” was opened and a 25-head battery erected with miles of tram line laid down, but not much work was done on the reef which did not turn out to expectations, but still on the same leases today there are two reefs of large size. The last crushing from one yielded about an ounce and a half, but the nearest battery is about twelve miles distant and the cost of carting and crushing swallows up what ought to be the miners’ profits…20/6/1914

It would have been a difficult feat to get the heavy machinery needed for the mines into the rugged terrain around Nerrigundah

It would have been a difficult feat to get the heavy machinery needed for the mines into the rugged terrain around Nerrigundah

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Czar Nicholas 2 of Russia

LATEST CABLE NEWS. – London, Thursday. While the Czar and family were travelling in Russia the pilot train sent ahead of the Royal train was exploded by a bomb. The engines and carriages were derailed and several persons injured. 20/6/1914

Sixteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1913 are available ($5 ea) from the society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Pioneer Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (mdhs.org.au).